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(11/10) Ученые из ИФХЭ РАН и МГУ под руководством Ольги Виноградовой поняли, как «полосатая» гидрофобность..
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(11/10) Ученые обнаружили пути проникновения вирусов гриппа и ВИЧ в организм
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(17/04) Курс “Анализ геномных данных”, Москва, 2 – 11 июля 2012
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(12/03) Впервые получено изображение атомов, движущихся в молекуле
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Results 11 - 18 of 18
11.

Multiplex Fourier Spectroscopy in Reconstructing the Concentration Profile of the Near-Electrode Layer

V. A. Kotenev

 

Institute of Physical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Leninskii pr. 31, Moscow, 119991 Russia

Received December 29, 2004

 

Abstract — A method of spectral multiplexing for a nondestructive monitoring of the refraction-index distribution throughout the volume of a nonuniform near-electrode layer at a metal–solution interface is considered. As shown, the amplitude-modulation Fourier spectroscopy of the reflection from a nonuniform near-surface layer, which has a low-gradient profile of complex refraction index and a weak dispersion of optical parameters, allows one to embody the multiplex principle of measurements and reproduce the refractive-index distribution and, hence, the concentration distribution over the depth of the near-electrode layer, based on either interference patterns or an additional Fourier transform.
20/09/2008 | 920 Hits | Print

12.

Environmentally Safe Plating of Tin-Lead Alloy Coatings

S. S. Kruglikov, D. Yu. Turaev, and A. A. Borodulin

 

Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology, Miusskaya pl. 9, Moscow, 125047 Russia

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Received April 21, 2004

 

Abstract — The aim of this experimental study was to minimize the input of lead and tin ions and fluoboric acid into the waste water from the electroplating line, where the printed circuit boards and other parts of electronic devices are plated with tin-lead alloy. For this purpose, after unloading the parts from the plating tank, they were rinsed in the reclaim tank, from which the aforementioned ions were removed with a reclaim immersed elec-trochemical module (IEM).
20/09/2008 | 960 Hits | Print

13.

The Role of Acrolein in the Inhibition of the Acid Corrosion of Iron with Propargyl Alcohol

Ya. G. Avdeev* and N. I. Podobaev**

 

* Kaluga State Pedagogical University, ul. Stepana Razina 26, Kaluga, 248023 Russia

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** Moscow State Pedagogical University, ul. Malaya Pirogovskaya 1, Moscow, 119882 Russia

e-mail: rector.frame0frame1frame2frame3@23.relcom.ru

Received October 14, 2004

 

Abstract — Potentiodynamic polarization was used to investigate the effect of acrolein (formed from propargyl alcohol via acid-induced isomerization) on the electrode processes at Armco iron in hydrochloric and sulfuric acid solutions. In solutions of mineral acids, acrolein is ineffective and inferior to propargyl alcohol in the inhibition of iron corrosion. It was found that acrolein can be cathodically reduced during the corrosion process, whereas the isomerization of propargyl alcohol into acrolein should reduce the protective effect of the inhibitor.
20/09/2008 | 1090 Hits | Print

14.

Kinetics of Contact Deposition of Iron on Aluminum Substrate

A. F. Dresvyannikov, M. E. Kolpakov, Ya. V. Ivshin, and O. A. Lapina

 

Kazan State Technological University, ul. Karla Marksa 68, Kazan, 420015 Tatarstan, Russia

Received July 21, 2004

 

Abstract — Contact exchange of iron(III) with aluminum metal is studied by using chronopotentiometry, voltammetry, and cyclic voltammetry. Some of its kinetic and other electrochemical characteristics are determined. The statement that the process proceeds in stages (which is proved by the use of methods of formal kinetics) is supported by cyclic voltammograms.
20/09/2008 | 1128 Hits | Print

15.

Electrochemical Behavior of frame0-Phase of the Cu30Ni System in Sodium Hydroxide Solutions

D. S. Sirota and A. P. Pchel’nikov

 

State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation “Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry,”
ul. Vorontsovo Pole 10, Moscow, 103064 Russia

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Received June 06, 2004

 

Abstract — Electrochemical behavior of a hydrogenized Cu30Ni alloy in 1 N NaOH solution was studied by using standard and cyclic voltammetry, chronocoulo-, ampero-, and potentiometry. Anodic polarization of the initial alloy results in the copper selective dissolution; that of the hydrogenized alloy, in the hydrogen selective ionization. The anodic current peak observed at E = –0.5 V in the cyclic voltammograms and anodic polarization curves of the hydrogenated alloy is caused by the hydrogen ionization. The peak is controlled by the hydrogen diffusion in the solid. The volume capacitance of the alloy in hydrogen significantly exceeds that of nickel. It is shown that the hydrogen ionization is practically reversible; unlike nickel, the alloy chronopotentiograms taken at i = const do not break up after a short initial potential arrest but descend, gradually as a result of ionizing the absorbed hydrogen.
20/09/2008 | 1254 Hits | Print

16.

The Effect of Organic Additives on the Kinetics of Zinc Electroplating*

T. G. Sitnikova and A. S. Sitnikov

 

Moscow State Evening Metallurgical Institute, ul. Lefortovskii val 26, Moscow, 111250 Russia

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Received August 16, 2004

 

Abstract — The effect of different organic additives on the cathodic process in chloride–ammonium zinc-plating electrolytes is studied depending on the concentration of additives and pH of the medium.
20/09/2008 | 1171 Hits | Print

17.

To the Electrocapillarity Equation

R. R. Salem

 

The Higher Chemical College, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miusskaya pl. 1, Moscow

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Received November 3, 2004
20/09/2008 | 1150 Hits | Print

18.

Local Corrosion of the Tube Still for Coolers Made of 18frame010 Grade Steel in the Circulating Water of Petroleum Refineries

A. N. Kuzyukov, V. P. Krikun, and Yu. Ya. Nikhaenko

 

OAO Severodonetsk Research and Development Institute of Chemical Engineering,
pr. Sovetskii 59, Severodonetsk, 93405 Ukraine

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Received October 2, 2003

 

Abstract — Corrosion-electrochemical behavior of tube stills of a 18–10 steel combined with the case component members from plain carbon steels in circulating water of petroleum refineries is investigated. It was ascertained that the reasons for accelerated corrosion of tube panels, as well as origination and development of pitting corrosion perforating the bundle tubes, are as follows: a high content of chlorine ions in the circulating water and its periodical acidification; the contact between the two highly different steels accepted when manufacturing the coolers; and precipitation of corrosion products on the inner surface of tubes during shutdowns of the process.
20/09/2008 | 1061 Hits | Print

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